While it is very difficult to see the difference between many clay and concrete tile roofs, they are completely different materials. Many people use the description “clay tile roof” generically to describe both. Clay generally costs more than a concrete tile roof, and must be of very high quality and thoroughly kiln fired to withstand freeze/thaw climates.
Concrete roof tile has been around since the mid 1800’s and has a historically established service life of around 80 years. We have been manufacturing concrete roof tile here at our Calgary Alberta manufacturing plant since 1978 and our first tiles are still looking great!
Our concrete roof tiles are “through-tile” coloured. This means that the colour pigment is mixed throughout the tile and the colour is therefore permanent. As tiles age, there may be slight changes in the appearance. The one exception to this permanent colour is a painted tile. Once the paint has worn to the extent that a new colour is desired – usually in 15 to 20 years – the roof may be re-painted.
We have a very large colour range of naturally pigmented tiles; and virtually any colour of painted tile can be produced. Our standard weight tiles (10 or 12 lbs. per sq. ft.) are available in a “Slate” and “Split Shake” flat tile, and the more traditional Spanish looking Estate tiles are available in both regular and lightweight (8 lbs. per sq. ft.).
Yes, there are specialized tile painting contractors that will do this work and we can supply you with the proper tile paint. Re-painting is common on painted tile roofs, but most homeowners that have a through-coloured, non-painted tile roof do not paint their roofs as it starts them on a maintenance painting schedule.
The initial purchase cost of a Unicrete tile roof is much less than generally assumed. It comes in slightly higher than a designer type “50 year” 6 bundle square asphalt shingle and costs considerably less than metal roof systems. It is also slightly less expensive than a good quality (Premium heavy 100% edge grain) cedar shake or shingle roof. In addition to this, both asphalt shingles and cedar shakes have a 20 year service life expectation whereas concrete tile will last at least 3 times longer than this. An entry level 3 bundle square asphalt roof is the only roof that will come in substantially less than a tile roof (about 2.5x) but this is only a 15 year roof and very prone to wind blow off’s etc. and you would be re-roofing 4 times or more during the life cycle of your tile roof. This makes tile 1/2 to 1/3 the actual cost per year of other competing roof materials. Unicrete concrete roof tile is actually the least expensive roof available when calculated as a roof life cycle cost per year.
Unicrete makes a lightweight roof tile that has been especially designed for the re-roofing market. Roof materials that add less than 8 lbs. per sq. ft. to the roof are considered to be lightweight and generally require no structural upgrading for typical engineered truss homes. However, all lightweight concrete roof tiles are not created equally. Manufacturers that come from southern climates that do not have to contend with Canadian winters often add “expanded aggregate” to their tiles to bring down the weight. This has a poor history in our climate and Unicrete refuses to use this additive.
If you are building a new home, the extra expense to design for the additional weight of concrete roof tiles (total of 12 lbs. per sq. ft.) is generally quite low – often only a few hundred dollars – as long as you address this at the beginning, before the trusses and other structural components have been designed. If you wish to re-roof with one of our standard weight tiles, an engineering review is required and often some truss or other structural upgrading will then need to be done. We can help you coordinate this.
It is a myth that concrete roof tiles can not be walked on. Concrete continues to cure for many years and a tile roof that is more than a year old will be very walkable as long you are familiar with how to do so properly. Any roof is very dangerous and should never be accessed without a good reason, and all safety precautions regarding fall protection should be followed. In particular, never walk on any wet or slippery roof surface.
Unicrete roof tiles come with a very solid 50 year non-pro-rated, fully transferrable, inflation indexed material warranty. However, we don’t expect you will ever use it as 50 years is not all that old for a concrete roof tile having a historically demonstrated service life expectation of more than 80 years.
Yes, there are two complete roof systems on all Canadian roof tile installations. The tile installation standards require that a complete double strapping system be installed over the under-tile water shedding membrane level, and then the tile is installed over this system. The minimum underlay material allowed is a 30lb. roof felt, and now most tile systems are upgraded to a synthetic or peel and stick membrane system.
Unicrete roof tile tops the list for being a sustainable, environmentally responsible roof covering saving our landfills from millions of tones of disposal waste. Demolition and Construction waste accounts for an estimated 22% of the total landfill disposal volume. Of course even when the tile does need replacing 80 years or more down the road, it is a highly desired recycled product composed of natural materials, with countless applications for its second life.
Unicrete roof tiles contain a post industrial waste product called Fly Ash which not only improves the quality of the tile and saves on land fill loading, but actually saves about 1/2 ton per typical roof in manufacturing carbon emissions. There are also great energy savings to be had with the Unicrete under-tile “Ener-vent” system.
Concrete roof tiles are the most aesthetically pleasing roof material choice for those wishing to pursue integrated energy saving options such as solar voltaic panels (which integrate completely into the tile roof), or solar thermal systems which can either integrate into the roof tile or be contained in the under-tile rain screen area, and thereby be completely hidden.
In typical attic or cathedral vented roof systems (about 99.9% of Canadian residential roofs), all insulation should be on the ceiling level or “warm” side of your structure. You do not want to insulate your roof deck above the vented space, but rather maintain the same outside temperature on your roof deck to prevent ice damming in winter, and heat transfer into the vented attic space in the summer. Unicrete’s “Ener-Vent” system is a very effective passive venting system. US department of Energy studies have demonstrated that 50% or more of the heat that would usually end up transferring into the attic area is vented away, helping to reduce air-conditioning needs and greatly increase the homes comfort level in the summer and reduce ice damming potential in the winter. In addition this under-tile area can be utilized to increase the efficiency of intake air in HRV’s in the winter, by supplying warmed solar charged air to the HRV system.
Concrete roof tile has long demonstrated that its completely non-combustible nature is the very best protection you can give your family against potential fire situations which are typically spread from roof to roof in fire-prone wilderness and sub-division locations. There are countless stories of homes that survived a multi-home fire disaster because of non-combustible concrete roof tile and a good perimeter fire guard space.
Concrete roof tile has an excellent reputation for both wind resistance and for hail resistance. This is why it is the roofing product of choice in both hurricane prone areas such as Florida and hail prone areas such as Denver. In the aftermath of the 2002 hail storm in Calgary’s Oakridge community (a mixed roofing material area), the asphalt and cedar shake roofs suffered major damage and needed to be replaced (many chose our lightweight concrete re-roofing tile for their roof replacement). The existing Unicrete tile roofs had either no, or very minor damage reported and none of the Unicrete tile roofs needed to be replaced.
There is no such thing as a “NO” maintenance roof material. While Unicrete roof tiles would be considered to be the lowest maintenance roof product available, all roofs should be at least inspected periodically so that unseen conditions can be caught before they become damaging situations.
Tile roofs are best installed by an experienced tile roofing contractor. A proper Unicrete tile installation can be done by a non-tile experienced roofer or even a dedicated and handy homeowner if they wish to take the time to thoroughly understand the installation instructions. While we can provide an instructional manual, technical bulletins, and an instructional video to help walk you through the installation process, nothing can replace real life tiling experience. To do a proper job on your first tile roof will take a great deal of time and will require that you pay close attention to every detail. Installation can be quite complicated and should only be attempted if you wish to learn how to tile and/or for the satisfaction of doing your own roof. Labour cost savings will generally be minimal when you factor in the low hourly rate your own time will end up being compensated at.